Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production by Tingyue Gu

Cover of: Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production | Tingyue Gu

Published by Springer Netherlands, Imprint: Springer in Dordrecht .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Characterization and Evaluation of Materials,
  • Surfaces (Physics),
  • Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering,
  • Renewable and Green Energy,
  • Engineering,
  • Chemical engineering,
  • Renewable energy sources,
  • Applied and Technical Physics

About the Edition

The increasing global demand for energy requires a versatile approach, prompting many researchers to focus on renewable bioenergy from different biomasses, especially cellulosic biomass. Such biomasses can be agricultural wastes, municipal wastes or direct harvests from high-yield energy corps. If properly pre-treated, the subsequent enzyme hydrolysis step is much more effective and can effectively minimises the waste disposal.

Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production reviews a range of pretreatment methods such as ammonium fiber explosion, steam explosion, dilute acid hydrolysis, alkali hydrolysis, and supercritical carbon dioxide explosion focusing on their final sugar yields from hemicellulose, glucose yields from cellulose, as well as on their feasibilities in bioenergy production processes at various scales.

This book emphasises the tactical mobile and on-farm scales applications that use green pretreatments and processing technologies without the need of on-site waste treatment. Because of the varieties of different biomasses, no single pretreatment is expected to be the universal choice. Some of the pretreatment methods present niche applications are also discussed.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementedited by Tingyue Gu
SeriesSpringerBriefs in Molecular Science
ContributionsSpringerLink (Online service)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTP155-156
The Physical Object
Format[electronic resource] /
PaginationIX, 153 p. 71 illus., 35 illus. in color.
Number of Pages153
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL27041832M
ISBN 109789400760523

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Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production reviews a range of pretreatment methods such as ammonium fiber explosion, steam explosion, dilute acid hydrolysis, alkali hydrolysis, and supercritical carbon dioxide explosion focusing on their final sugar yields from hemicellulose, glucose yields from cellulose, as well as on their.

Request PDF | Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production | The increasing global demand for energy requires a versatile approach, prompting many researchers to focus on renewable bioenergy Author: Tingyue Gu.

Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production reviews a range of pretreatment methods such as ammonium fiber explosion, steam explosion, dilute acid hydrolysis, alkali hydrolysis, and supercritical carbon dioxide explosion focusing on their final sugar yields from hemicellulose, glucose yields from cellulose, as well as on their Author: Tingyue Gu.

Get this from a library. Green biomass pretreatment for biofuels production. [Tingyue Gu;] -- The increasing global demand for energy requires a versatile approach, prompting many researchers to focus on renewable bioenergy from different biomasses, especially cellulosic biomass.

Such. Biofuels have emerged as a highly promising source of alternative energy, and have drawn global R&D for their production using biomass. With the increasing worldwide demand of energy along with the depletion of conventional fossil fuel reserves, there has been growing global interest in developing alternative sources of energy.

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass Toward utilization of the whole biomass, for example, by combustion, pyrolysis, lique- faction, or gasi fi cation. Pretreatment of Biomass provides general information, basic data, and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources―biomass for their pretreatment―which is one of the most essential and critical aspects of biomass-based processes development.

The quest to make the environment greener, less polluted, and less hazardous has led to the concept of 5/5(1). This book includes 19 chapters contributed by the world's leading experts on pretreatment methods for biomass. It extensively Green Biomass Pretreatment for Biofuels Production book the different types of biomass (e.g.

molasses, sugar beet pulp, cheese whey, sugarcane residues, palm waste, vegetable oil, straws, stalks and wood), various pretreatment approaches (e.g.

physical, thermal, chemical, physicochemical and. Biomass, Biofuels, Biochemicals: Biofuels: Alternative Feedstocks and Conversion Processes for the Production of Liquid and Gaseous Biofuels, Second Edition, provides general information, basic data and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources—liquid and gaseous biofuels—and their production and application.

The book delineates green. 19 Production of biofuels via Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: biomass-to-liquids a. Lappa S and e. HeRaCLeou, CPERI – Chemical Process Engineering Research Institute, Greece Introduction Biomass-to-liquids-Fischer-Tropsch process technologies and techniques Biomass gasification to syngas This book offers a review of state-of-the-art research and provides guidance for the future paths of developing pretreatment techniques of biomass for biofuels, especially in the fields of biotechnology, microbiology, chemistry, materials science and engineering.

It intends to provide a systematic introduction of pretreatment techniques. Lignocellulosic biomass is a widely available and cheap organic material that can be used for the production of biofuels and numerous chemical products.

The development of a bioeconomy using such kind of nonfossil feedstocks has been strongly encouraged for economic, environmental, and societal reasons. Focusing on the key challenges that still impede the realization of the billion-ton renewable fuels vision, this book integrates technological development and business development rationales to highlight the key pments that are necessary to industrialize biofuels on a global scale.

Various pretreatment processes are primarily developed and utilized in effective separation of these interlinked components to take maximum benefit from the constitutes of the lignocellulosic biomasses especially for the production of biofuel. The major pretreatment methods include physical, chemical, thermophysical, thermochemical, and Author: Muhammad Nauman Aftab, Irfana Iqbal, Fatima Riaz, Ahmet Karadag, Meisam Tabatabaei.

The book describes the pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass for biomass-to-biofuel conversion processes, which is an important step in increasing ethanol production for biofuels. It also highlights the main challenges and suggests possible ways to make these technologies feasible for the biofuel industry.

The complex structure of lignocellulosic biomass makes its utilization in biofuel production difficult. Lignocellulosic raw materials are generally composed of % cellulose, % hemicelluloses and % lignin [].A pretreatment stage is necessary to dissociate the plant cell wall in order to improve the accessibility of chemicals and/or microorganisms to cellulose for Cited by: 7.

Biomass has received considerable attention as a sustainable feedstock that can replace diminishing fossil fuels for the production of energy, especially for the transportation sector. The overall strategy in the production of hydrocarbon fuels from biomass is (i) to reduce the substantial oxygen content of the parent feedstock to improve energy density and (ii) to create C–C bonds Cited by: biofuels production technologies into the marketplace.

NREL is ready to help you achieve your business goals. You can take advantage of NREL s biomass research capabilities and expertise in any of these ways: our technical team can work collaboratively with NREL through a Cooperative Y Research and Development Agreement (CRADA).File Size: KB.

Pretreatment of Biomass provides general information, basic data, and knowledge on one of the most promising renewable energy sources-biomass for their pretreatment-which is one of the most essential and critical aspects of biomass-based processes development.

The quest tomake the environment greener, less polluted, and less hazardous has led to the concept of. Biomass feedstocks for renewable fuel production: a review of the impacts of feedstock and pretreatment on the yield and product distribution of fast pyrolysis bio-oils and vapors D.

Carpenter, T. Westover, S. Czernik and W. Jablonski, Green Chem.,16, Book Description. The newest addition to the Green Chemistry and Chemical Engineering series from CRC Press, Biofuels and Bioenergy: Processes and Technologies provides a succinct but in-depth introduction to methods of development and use of biofuels and bioenergy.

The book illustrates their great appeal as tools for solving the economic and environmental challenges. Biomass is a widely available resource, that can be characterized by its high production potential. Enabling the production of different types of biofuels, biomass can be used in both spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines.

There is extensive knowledge of. Plant biomass is attracting increasing attention as a sustainable resource for large-scale production of renewable fuels and chemicals. However, in order to successfully compete with petroleum, it is vital that biomass conversion processes are designed to minimize costs and maximize yields.

Advances in pretreatment technology are critical in order to develop high. Acid-catalyzed algal biomass pretreatment for integrated lipid and carbohydrate-based biofuels production, Green Chemistry () Process Design and Economics for the Conversion of Algal Biomass to Biofuels: Algal Biomass Fractionation to Lipid- and Carbohydrate-Derived Fuel Products, NREL Technical Report ().

Sets the stage for large-scale production of biofuels and bio-based chemicals. In response to diminishing supplies as well as the environmental hazards posed by fossil fuels and petrochemicals, interest and demand for green, sustainable biofuels and bio-based chemicals are soaring.

Biomass may be the solution. green biomass pretreatment for biofuels production gu tingyue By J. Rowling FILE ID 1c61c3 Freemium Media Library delivery on eligible orders green biomass pretreatment for biofuels production reviews a range of pretreatment methods such as ammonium fiber explosion steam explosion dilute acid hydrolysis alkali.

The biomass could be used at a Green Choice Bio-Recovery Center to produce steam and electrical energy required to operate the facility. Biofuels for Cellulosic Ethanol. Biofuels can also be used in the production of cellulosic ethanol. The DOE defines the following feedstocks as well suited to produce ethanol.

Conversion of biomass to ethanol includes (1) pretreatment, (2) enzymatic hydrolysis, (3) fermentation, and (4) distillation [].Pretreatment sometimes includes mechanical size reduction which must be followed by a strong thermochemical pretreatment to break up lignocellulosic structure solubilizing hemicellulose and/or lignin to make cellulose more accessible to.

Biotechnology for Biofuels is an open access peer-reviewed journal featuring high-quality studies describing technological and operational advances in the production of biofuels, chemicals and other bioproducts.

The journal emphasizes understanding and advancing the application of biotechnology and synergistic operations to improve plants and biological conversion systems. Pretreatment of biomass is considered one of the most expensive steps in the overall processing in a biomass-to-biofuel program.

With the strong advancement in developing lignocellulose biomass- and algal biomass-based biorefineries, global focus has been on developing pretreatment methods and technologies that are technically and economically 5/5(1).

In most cases, woody biomass is used directly whereas non-woody biomass is chemically converted. This trend is changing, however, as more and more biomass is being gasified before it is burned. The following is a look at some of the most common types of. 6 Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass Using Green Ionic Liquids dissolution in the ionic liquid.

For example, decreased Cl-concentrations (e.g., when using [C6mim]Cl and [C8mim]Cl instead of using [C4mim]Cl) led to lower cellulose solubility in the ionic Size: 2MB. Unfortunately, pretreatment is the most expensive step in biofuel production through enzymatic saccharification and fermentation.

This is especially true for woody biomass due to its high lignin. Canada is also a global figure in biomass pellets production and exports about 10% of the 10 million tonnes per year of world demand for green energy market.

In addition, cereal straw, corn stover, and flax straw are significant contributor to agricultural biomass residue as they occupy more than 85% of million hectares of cropland in Cited by: This book provides data-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative pretreatment of lignocellulosic and algal biomass for further processing.

Pretreatment of biomass is considered one of the most expensive steps in the. The Complete Book On Biomass Based Products (biochemicals, Biofuels, Activated Carbon) by Npcs Board Of Consultants & Engineers, ISBN:Rs. / US$. Microbial bioconversion of photosynthetic biomass is a promising approach to the generation of biofuels and other bioproducts.

However, rapid, high-yield, and simple processes are essential for successful applications. Here, biomass from the rapidly growing photosynthetic marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC was fermented using yeast into. The contribution of biomass to the world’s energy supply is presently estimated to be around 10% to 14%.

The conversion of biomass to biofuels can be achieved primarily via biochemical and thermochemical processes. Recently, the use of thermochemical processes as pyrolysis and gasification has received great attention.

The biomass composition and form of Cited by:.

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